tcsc0169 PD98059

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PD98059 is a potent, selective and cell-permeable MEK1 and MEK2 inhibitor with IC50s of 4 μM and 50 μM respectively.

IC50 & Target: IC50: 5 μM (MEK)[1]

In Vitro: Concentrations of PD98059 of ≤20 μM are not cytotoxic to cultured MCF10A, MCF10A-Neo, and MCF10A-NeoT cells. However, PD98059 is weakly cytostatic to all three lines at concentrations of ≥10 μM. Treatment of MCF10A-Neo and MCF10A-NeoT cultures with concentrations of PD98059 up to 20 μM for 2-22 hr does not alter the total ERK content. However, treatment with PD98059 does result in concentration-dependent reductions in the dually phosphorylated forms of ERK1 and ERK2. Within 2 hr of a 10-μM treatment, phosphorylated ERK contents are reduced ~74% and ~86% in MCF10A-Neo and MCF10A-NeoT cultures, respectively (IC50=1 μM). Within 22 hr of treatment, phosphorylated ERK forms are almost completely eliminated in both cell lines[1]. PD98059 (PD 098059) prevents the activation of MAPKK1 by Raf or MEK kinase in vitro at concentrations (IC50=2-7 μM). PD98059 inhibits both the activation and phosphorylation of MAPKK1 in vitro by either c-Raf or MEK kinase with IC50 values of 4±2 μM. Incubation of Swiss 3T3 cells with PD98059 (50 μM) suppressed by 80-90% the activation of MAPKK induced by each agonist, but the activation of c-Raf is enhanced 2-3-fold[2].

In Vivo: The treatment of mice with PD98059 significantly reduces the level of p-ERK1/2. Moreover, a significant increase in the phospho-p38 expression is observed in Zymosan-treated mice at 18 h after Zymosan administration compared to the sham-operated mice. The treatment with PD98059 significantly reduces the p38 expression[3]. Repeated treatment with PD98059 attenuates mechanical allodynia measured by the von Frey test three (18.0 g±0.8, n=10) and seven (20.21 g±0.67, n=26) days after CCI in comparison to the vehicle-treated CCI-exposed rats (15.1 g±1.3, n=7 and 14.21 g±0.44, n=28, respectively). Repeated injection of PD98059 diminishes thermal hyperalgesia, as is evaluated by the cold plate test, three (17.5 s±2.1, n=10) and seven (25.54 s±1.03, n=26) days following CCI compared to vehicle-treated CCI-exposed rats (11.5 s±1.8, n=7 and 11.4 s±0.88, n=28, respectively)[4].


CAS No167869-21-8
Clinical Informationclinicalinformation
MAPK/ERK Pathway


Purity / Grade99.86%
SolubilityDMSO : 25.0 mg/mL (93.5 mM; Need ultrasonic and warming)
Water : H2O (insoluble)

Misc Information

Storage InstructionPowder: -20°C for 3 years
In solvent : -80°C for 12 months
Observed Molecular Weight267.28
NotesPD 098059 does not complete for ATP binding or MAPK binding to MEK and most likely inhibits through an allosteric mechanism.
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